## What is the probability that the parcel was shipped express and arrived the next day?

1.  In a lot of n components, 30% are defective. Two components are drawn at random and tested. Let A be the event that the first component drawn is defective, and let B be the event that the second component drawn is defective. For which lot size n will A and B be more nearly independent: n = 10 or n = 10,000? Explain.

2.  A certain delivery service offers both express and standard delivery. Seventy-five percent of parcels are sent by standard delivery, and 25% are sent by express. Of those sent standard, 80% arrive the next day, and of those sent express, 95% arrive the next day. A record of a parcel delivery is chosen at random from the company’s files.

a.  What is the probability that the parcel was shipped express and arrived the next day?

b.  What is the probability that it arrived the next day?

c.   Given that the package arrived the next day, what is the probability that it was sent express?

### Given that the test is positive, what is the probability that the person has the disease?

1.  Refer to Exercise 28. Assume that both inspectors inspect every item and that if an item has no flaw, then neither inspector will detect a flaw. a.  Assume that….

### If a man tests negative, what is the probability that he actually has the disease?

1.  Refer to Example 2.26. a.  If a man tests negative, what is the probability that he actually has the disease? b.  For many medical tests, it is standard procedure….

### Find the probability mass function of X

1.  Determine whether each of the following random variables is discrete or continuous. a.  The number of heads in 100 tosses of a coin. b.  The length of a rod….