## What is the annual output of CO2 (kg) for a 70 kg human using the energy expenditure for sitting as an average value?

This problem considers oxidation of glucose as a model carbohydrate.

(a) In the human body glucose is typically metabolized in aqueous solution. Ignoring the enthalpy change due to dissolving glucose in the aqueous solution, calculate the standard heat of reaction for Eqn. 3.56.

(b) Using the standard heat of reaction calculated in part (a) together with the steady-state energy expenditure for sitting at rest, determine the rate that glucose is consumed (g/ day). You may ignore sensible heats because the respiration streams are very close to 298.15 K.

(c) Compare the energy consumption in part (b) with a light bulb by putting the energy consumption in terms of W, which is usually used to characterize light bulbs. How many 70 kg humans collectively produce energy equivalent to a 1500 W hair dryer?

(d) On a mass basis, all carbohydrates have about the same heat of reaction. A soft drink has approximately 73 g carbohydrates (sugar) per 20 fluid oz. bottle and the manufacturer’s label reports that the contents provide 275 kcal. (Note: A dietary calorie is a thermodynamic kcal, so the conversion has already been made, and the bottle is labeled 275 calories.) Convert the answer from part (a) to kcal/g and compare with the manufacturer’s ratio.

(e) What is the annual output of CO2 (kg) for a 70 kg human using the energy expenditure for sitting as an average value?

### design suitable bearings to support the load for at least 5E8 cycles at 1 200 rpm using deepgroove ball bearings.

The shaft shown in Figure P11-4 was designed in Problem 10-19. For the data in row (a) of Table P11-1, and the corresponding diameter of shaft found in Problem 10-19,….

### Find the minimum film thickness for a long bearing with the following data: 30-mm dia, 130 mm long, 0.0015 clearance ratio, 1 500 rpm, ISO VG 100 oil at 200°F, and supporting a load of 7 kN.

1.       A paper machine processes rolls of paper having a density of 984 kg/m3. The paper roll is 1.50-m OD X 22-cm ID X 3.23-m long and is on a simply supported, 22-cm OD, steel….

### Find the minimum film thickness for a bearing with these data: 30-mm dia, 25 mm long, 0.0015 clearance ratio, 1 500 rpm, ON = 30, ISO VG 220 oil at 200°F.

1.       Problem 7-12 estimated the volume of adhesive wear to expect from a steel shaft of 40 mm dia rotating at 250 rpm for 10 years in a plain bronze….