## Is it possible to estimate the bias in these measurements?

1.   A person gets on and off a bathroom scale four times. The four readings (in pounds) are 148, 151, 150, and 152. Each time after the person gets off the scale, the reading is 2 lb.

a.  Is it possible to estimate the uncertainty in these measurements? If so, estimate it. If not, explain why not.

b.  Is it possible to estimate the bias in these measurements? If so, estimate it. If not, explain why not.

2.   In a hypothetical scenario, the National Institute of Standards and Technology has received a new replica of The Kilogram. It is weighed five times. The measurements are as follows, in units of micro-grams above 1 kg: 114.3, 82.6, 136.4, 126.8, 100.7.

a.   Is it possible to estimate the uncertainty in these measurements? If so, estimate it. If not, explain why not.

b.  Is it possible to estimate the bias in these measurements? If so, estimate it. If not, explain why not.

### What is the probability that the parcel was shipped express and arrived the next day?

1.  In a lot of n components, 30% are defective. Two components are drawn at random and tested. Let A be the event that the first component drawn is defective,….

### Given that the test is positive, what is the probability that the person has the disease?

1.  Refer to Exercise 28. Assume that both inspectors inspect every item and that if an item has no flaw, then neither inspector will detect a flaw. a.  Assume that….

### If a man tests negative, what is the probability that he actually has the disease?

1.  Refer to Example 2.26. a.  If a man tests negative, what is the probability that he actually has the disease? b.  For many medical tests, it is standard procedure….