Explain your reasoning and outline your experimental design—including the variable or variables you will test in the first experiment.

The sticky cinquefoil (Potentilla glandulosa) is a small, deciduous plant with bright yellow flowers that lives throughout the American West, and its leaf phenotype can vary depending on environmental conditions. Inland, where there are dramatic seasonal temperature swings and unpredictable droughts, plants shed their large “summer leaves” in autumn when the temperature begins to drop. In the spring new leaves are smaller and develop in a compact rosette. This phenotype persists for several months and is thought to be an adaptation that makes the plants drought-resistant (because less water evaporates from reduced leaf surfaces). By contrast, the leaves of P. glandulosa plants growing in a coastal climate are always large. In their habitat, seasonal temperature swings are not as great and the annual cycle of winter rain and summer drought is highly predictable. Suppose you decide to explore the hypothesis that the coastal population is genetically capable of exhibiting the same seasonal shift in leaf morphology as the inland plants. Would you need access to a greenhouse where you can control variables, or would it be just as easy to do experiments in the wild? Explain your reasoning and outline your experimental design—including the variable or variables you will test in the first experiment.

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Design an Experiment The unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has two flagella assembled from tubulin proteins.

Design an Experiment The unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has two flagella assembled from tubulin proteins. If a researcher changes the pH from approximately neutral (their normal growing condition) to pH….

determine the source of raw materials for plant growth.

About 200 years ago, Jan Baptista van Helmont tried to determine the source of raw materials for plant growth. To do so, he planted a young tree weighing 5 pounds….

Design an experiment to answer this question.

The digestive tract of newborn chicks is free of bacteria until, for example, they eat food that has been exposed to the feces of adult chickens. The ingested bacteria establishes….