The shaft shown in Figure P11-4 was designed in Problem 10-19. For the data in row (a) of Table P11-1, and the corresponding diameter of shaft found in Problem 10-19,….
Describe what would happen to your flask of hot water under these conditions and a simple precaution that you might take to avoid these consequences
Within the two-phase envelope, one can draw another envelope representing the limits of supercooling of the vapor and superheating of liquid that can be observed in the laboratory; along each isotherm these are the points for which T = 0. Obtain this envelope for the Peng-Robinson equation, and plot it on the same figure as generated in problem 7.12. This is the spinodal curve. The region between the saturation curve and the curve just obtained is called the metastable region of the fluid. Inside the spinodal curve, the fluid is unconditionally unstable. The saturation curve is called the binodal curve. Outside, the fluid is entirely stable. It is possible to enter the metastable region with hot water by heating at atmospheric pressure in a very clean flask. Sooner or later, the superheated liquid becomes unstable, however. Describe what would happen to your flask of hot water under these conditions and a simple precaution that you might take to avoid these consequences.