The shaft shown in Figure P11-4 was designed in Problem 10-19. For the data in row (a) of Table P11-1, and the corresponding diameter of shaft found in Problem 10-19,….
Describe what happens to the water in the cells and the glycerol outside the cells when the medium is replaced with 10 wt% glycerol.
E. coli are bacteria commonly used to express desired proteins through genetic modification because they replicate and express whatever intracellular DNA they find. Introducing foreign DNA requires weakening the cell membrane by washing twice briefly (~10 min.) with pure water at 4°C, followed by a wash with 10wt% glycerol solution, centrifuging to isolate the cell pellet from the medium before washes. After the cells are rendered “electro-competent” through washing, all but 1 ml of the glycerol solution is removed and the aliquots are frozen for storage until the “electroporation” step (electrically shocking the cells) is conducted. What concentration of glycerol (wt%) is necessary to make a solution that is isotonic with human blood? Describe what happens to the water in the cells and the glycerol outside the cells when the medium is replaced with 10 wt% glycerol.