Figure 7.18 shows a liquid-level system in which two tanks have cross-sectional areas A1 and A2, respectively. The volume flow rate into tank 1 is qi. A pump is connected to the bottom….
describe the phenomenon of viscoelasticity.
1. In your own words, briefly describe the phenomenon of viscoelasticity.
2. For some viscoelastic polymers that are subjected to stress relaxation tests, the stress decays with time according to
where (t) and (0) represent the time- dependent and initial (i.e., time = 0) stresses, respectively, and t and τ denote elapsed time and the relaxation time, respectively; τ is a time- independent constant characteristic of the material. A specimen of some viscoelastic polymer the stress relaxation of which obeys Equation 15.10 was suddenly pulled in tension
to a measured strain of 0.6; the stress necessary to maintain this constant strain was measured as a function of time. Determine Er(10) for this material if the initial stress level was 2.76 MPa (400 psi), which dropped to 1.72 MPa (250 psi) after 60 s.