Describe briefly the sequent peak algorithm method of estimation of reservoir capacity to meet a known downstream flow demand.

1.Draw a neat sketch of a typical high-head, divided-fall hydropower plant and label

 

the salient components. 2. Describe with sketches a pure pumped-storage power plant.

3. Describe with appropriate sketches an ideal run-of-river plant.

4. Explain:

(a) Load factor

(b) Capacity factor

(c) Flow-duration curve

(d) Power-duration curve

5. Distinguish between:

(a) Base-load and peak-load

(b) Pondage and storage

(c) Run-of-river plant and concentrated fall storage-type plant

6. Write brief notes on

(a) Reserved flow

(b) Effect of storage regulation on FDC

(c) Surge tank

(d) Forebay

7. Following are some of the claims of hydropower from the point of view of environmental concern:

(a) Hydropower helps fight climate change

(b) Hydropower can reduce pollution

(c) Hydropower means clean, affordable power

Elaborate on these views.

8. Explain briefly:

(a) Water year

(b) Annual hydrograph

(c) Flow-mass curve

(d) Environmental flow

9. Describe briefly the sequent peak algorithm method of estimation of reservoir

capacity to meet a known downstream flow demand.

10. Write a brief note on the importance of small hydro projects (SHP) in the current

Indian energy scene.

find the cost of your paper

Explain why attenuation is not a big problem in PET.

Consider a 2-D object consisting of two triangle compartments, as shown in Figure P9.4. Suppose a solution containing a 511 KeV gamma ray emitting radionuclide with concentration f = 0.5….

Give the mean and the variance of the reconstructed image, mean[ˆ f(x, y)] and var[ˆ f(x, y)].

Ignoring the inverse square law and attenuation, an approximate reconstruction for SPECT imaging is given by where c˜() =  {||W()} and W() is a rectangular windowing filter that cuts off at = 0…..

Find the numerical responses in each to an event in crystal C(4, 6).

Suppose a PET detector comprises four square PMTs (arranged as a 2 by 2 matrix) and a single BGO crystal with slits made in such a way that it is….