Category Archives: Sociology

Which of the following factors is a likely cause of revolutions or civil wars?  

1. Which of the following factors is a likely cause of revolutions or civil wars?

a.       A weak or failed state

b.      An authoritarian government that ignores major demands from citizens

c.       The availability of strong opposition leaders

d.      All of the above

2. Primordial explanations of ethnic confl ict suggest that

a.       ethnic leaders instigate hostilities to serve their own interests

b.      people become hostile when they blame their frustration with economic hardship on competing ethnic groups

c.       ancient hatreds compel ethnic groups to continue fi ghting

d.      None of the above

Discuss how you might conduct field research if researching the play patterns of children at home and in school.

1.       Discuss how you might conduct field research if researching the play patterns of children at home and in school. What particular problems would you encounter in gathering suitable data? What ethical issues will need to be addressed?

2.       Read over the ethical codes of conduct links included in this chapter and discuss the similarities and any differences between them. Which issues are likely to be particularly relevant to your own future research, with respect to both completing your programme of studies and in your future career?

3.       Review a suitable journal article (related to your own area of expertise) in terms of the ethical issues addressed by the researcher. What other ethical issues might the researcher consider?

Which of the research approaches outlined in this chapter would be suitable for the following research topics?

Which of the research approaches outlined in this chapter would be suitable for the following research topics? 1. Measuring the success of stock market forecasts 2. Identifying factors affecting the development of small businesses 3. Measuring the suitability of partners for outsourcing 4. Identifying the best method of recruitment 5. Designing and evaluating training programmes 6. Measuring the motivation and happiness of employees Give reasons for your answers and discuss any practical problems you may encounter with your chosen research approach.

Discuss the merits of the following passage. In a study of alienation, Hang (1994) found that 500 males in his sample felt very alienated.

1.       The model formulated to describe the relationship between monthly sales of product X and prices, incomes and advertising expenditure seems perfectly reasonable. Give reasons why you would not expect this model to be a particularly good predictor of monthly sales of product X.

2.       What problems might you encounter in: (a) Providing a definition for the above variables. (b) Gathering appropriate data on the above variables.

3.       Discuss the merits of the following passage. In a study of alienation, Hang (1994) found that 500 males in his sample felt very alienated. Jones and Jeffery (1996) found alienation most severe amongst elderly people. The 1950 study by Clark supported the work of Jones and Jeffery. Zo and Qi (1998) have determined the factors which result in high alienation….

Design a data collection form to allow observation of workers’ behaviour in an open plan office. 

1.       Critically review the two versions of the journal article by Adams and Raeside (2001) on pages 67–70

2.       Provide an example of a cross-sectional study that you are familiar with. How do you think the researchers attempt to make the study representative?

3.       Give an example of a longitudinal study that you would wish to carry out. What particular problems might you encounter?

4.       Design a data collection form to allow observation of workers’ behaviour in an open plan office.  Design a data collection form to allow observation of sales staff interactions with customers.  Design a data collection form to allow observation of employees in a restaurant.

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of using surveys, case studies, and observation to gather primary information

1.       Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of using surveys, case studies, and observation to gather primary information

2.       Compile a list of the format of secondary data that physically exist at your nearest library. Comment on the usefulness of each format in terms of your own area of research.

3.       Identify a recent journal article written by an academic or researcher. Note all the references used in this particular article and use a catalogue or search engine to locate them.  What proportion of them can you obtain from your own library?  What proportion can you obtain by downloading from an Internet site?  What proportion can you not find any reference to, or would be prohibitive to obtain?

Design a short questionnaire to determine the factors that influence the frequency of people shopping at a particular supermarket, allowing analysis by gender, age and socio-economic grouping.

1.       Design a short questionnaire to determine the factors that influence the frequency of people shopping at a particular supermarket, allowing analysis by gender, age and socio-economic grouping.

2.       Consider the following scenario: Two studies were carried out to establish if there is a link between smoking and certain types of cancer. One study was conducted in the 1950s and compared mortality rates for ex-servicemen with the general population. The second study was carried out in the early 1990s and compared the health of girls and young women aged 16–23 years who smoked, with a control group of girls of the same age who did not smoke. Neither study found evidence of a significant relationship between smoking and the certain types of cancer investigated. What validity, reliability and….

prepare the necessary year-end adjusting entries at the end of June 30, 2016, for the following situations.

The Mazzanti Wholesale Food Company’s fiscal year-end is June 30. The company issues quarterly financial statements requiring the company to prepare adjusting entries at the end of each quarter. Assuming all quarterly adjusting entries were properly recorded, prepare the necessary year-end adjusting entries at the end of June 30, 2016, for the following situations. 1. On December 1, 2015, the company paid its annual fire insurance premium of $6,000 for the year beginning December 1 .2. On August 31, 2015, the company borrowed $80,000 from a local bank. The note requires principal and interest at 8% to be paid on August 31, 2016. 3. Mazzanti owns a warehouse that it rents to another company. On January 1, 2016, Mazzanti collected $24,000 representing rent for the 2016 calendar year…..

For how many different positions of the water level will sound from the fork set up resonance in the tube’s air-filled portion?

The water level in a vertical glass tube 1.00 m long can be adjusted to any position in the tube. A tuning fork vibrating at 686 Hz is held just over the open top end of the tube, to set up a standing wave of sound in the air-filled top portion of the tube. (That airfilled top portion acts as a tube with one end closed and the other end open.)   (a) For how many different positions of the water level will sound from the fork set up resonance in the tube’s air-filled portion? What are the   (b) least and   (c) second least water heights in the tube for resonance to occur?

At time to, is the magnitude of the instantaneous velocity of car P greater than, less than, or equal to the magnitude of the instantaeous velocity of car Q? Explain. 

Two cars, P and Q, travel in the same direction on a long, straight section of a highway. Car P passes car Q at time to.     1) Suppose cars, P and Q each move with constant speed. At time to, is the magnitude of the instantaneous velocity of car P greater than, less than, or equal to the magnitude of the instantaneous velocity of car Q? Explain.   2) Suppose instead that car P is moving with constant speed but car Q is speeding up. At time to, is the magnitude of the instantaneous velocity of car P greater than, less than, or equal to the magnitude of the instantaeous velocity of car Q? Explain.